At the beginning I would like to clarify for the honorable patient that the medical term "tumor" means "swelling", and in any case should not mean that tumor is cancer. We call tumor everything which is swollen, including a simple hernia. The tumors themselves can be benign or malignant. Here I will comment primarily benign tumors.
A lipoma is a benign tumor formation. It represents aberrant accumulation of fat, very similar to each other in our body. Usually, the patient can feel it when prod it with finger himself as it has to reach significant size to become visible. The skin over it is completely normal. The sizes may be 1-2 cm. to 15-20 cm. In the course of development the lipoma they are usually benign, but very rarely their normal cells can degenerate into malignant. That is why I always recommend removing the lipomas by surgery. No one can ever guarantee you that the lipoma will not change in time.
The surgery itself is done under local anesthesia with lidocaine or its related and it takes about 15-20 minutes and remains a scar as large as was the lipoma. This surgery very rarely requires hospital admission of the patient. This usually happens when it comes to very large size lipomas and their operation with local anesthesia is not a good option.
After surgery, we can rarely speak of real temporary disability. This happens when it is located on the visible parts of the body or the dimensions require placing a drain, which must be removed after a few days.
Atheroma is an obstruction of the outflow channel of the sebaceous gland and retention of secretions. There are known also as sebaceous cyst. Usually they appear where there are many sebaceous glands -
the scalp, face, back, chest, groin. Over time, the accumulation of mucus in the gland can reach considerable size and periodically running out of the smell of rancid lard. If after the operation capsule is not removed the atheroma may recur. This happens when we do an operation on the occasion of inflamed atheroma - in this case the aim is to fight only the infection, and the next stage is the decision for necessity of surgery for its final removal.
Atheroma does not show tendency to malignant degeneration and have only aesthetic effect. However, I recommend their removal while they are small because the more large they are, the greater will be the scars of the operation. And ugly atheroma is replaced by an ugly scar. Unfortunately, there are not yet methods of "suction" as many patients ask.
Fibroid is a benign tumor of the connective tissue. It is built mainly of fibroblasts and fibrocytes located between collagen fibers. We can differ hard fibroma / collagen fibers predominate / and soft fibroma / cellular elements predominate /. They can be located throughout the body, but most often in the extremities and chest. The touch feels solid, may slightly smart.
Very rarely have a tendency to change to malignancy, but who can know. Here, the principle is valid - the sooner, the better.
Moles / melanocytic nevi / are raised or are on the level of the skin, brown or black formations occurring throughout the body. The color is due to melanin located in the group of cells called melanocytes. Moles are generally divided into the following groups:
They are rare and can be small, medium or giant. I recommend that patients be monitored periodically by a dermatologist and if there is a change to be removed surgically. Giant moles are rare, but carry a risk of malignant degeneration. They are precursors to melanoma and their surgical treatment should begin in the first year of life.
Acquired ordinary nevi.
They are small spots on the skin that are characterized by symmetrical, circular or oval-shaped, sharp and well-defined borders, light or dark brown in color, with a diameter up to 0.5 cm. Most common acquired nevi appear identical and very similar. Localized most frequently on exposed parts of the body. Like congenital nevi they are subject to monitoring and follow-up and if there are changes they have to be removed by cutting.
Dysplastic / unusual / nevi.
They represent "abnormal" moles that occupy spectrum between ordinary "normal" nevi and malignant melanoma. The latter is a malignant disease. Typical for dysplastic nevi are incorrect, poorly demarcated borders, uneven coloring, outbreaks of black pigment and larger size. As potential precursors of malignant melanoma they require caution. Patients with such nevi are subject to active observation and often it is more reasonable to be removed surgically.
Corns are abnormal thickening of the skin most often in the feet, provoked by the changing of the structure of the foot, uncomfortable shoes, obesity and others. Surgical treatment in this case is limited to the treatment of inflammatory complications as their standard surgical removal does not solve the problems caused by them. It is recommended orthopedic correction of the problem area to normalize foot, which positively affects the state.